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The educational process in the Republic of Srpska starts with preschool education.

In the pedagogic year 2016/2017, the Republic of Srpska registered 90 preschool institutions. There are 41 public sector institutions comprising 80 facilities founded by local self-government units, as well as 49 private sector institutions comprising 58 facilities (46 founded by natural persons, 3 founded by religious communities). About 18 percent of preschool children are covered by the organized preschool education.

Preschool education is provided in nursery groups for children aged one to three years and in kindergarten groups for children from the age of three until they start school.

Preschool education can be organized for each child before starting school for a minimum period of three months, mainly in preschool institutions or, where the establishment and operation of preschool institutions is not possible, in the institutions implementing preschool education curricula, based on a proposal prepared by the Government, and with funding provided in the budget of the Republic of Srpska and from other sources. This is already the seventh year of the implementation of this program, and in 2017 it was implemented in 36 preschool institutions and in 72 primary schools. The implementation of the above program resulted in new half-time employment during the period from March to May this year. The program covered children not previously included in any of the preschool education programs, and coverage ratio ranged about 45%.

The funding required for the implementation of preschool curricula and development of preschool institutions is provided by the founder. In the public sector, the founder is a local self-government unit, and public sector preschool institutions are financed from the budgets of the local self-government units.

The costs of stay in a preschool institution of the public sector range from BAM 70 in Berkovići to BAM 185 in Bijeljina, and of the private sector from BAM 100 in Rogatica to BAM 580 in Banja Luka.



Primary education is mandatory and free of charge for all children aged from six to 15 years.

In the Republic of Srpska there are 187 central primary schools, 498 regional divisions, 11 music schools and four centers for the education of children with developmental disabilities.

In the academic year 2016/2017 thus far 10,206 pupils have enrolled in the first grade of primary school in the Republic of Srpska. Depending on their needs and requests, schools can organize extended programs (extended stay and morning care) which is increasingly convenient for the parents.

Again this year, the Ministry of Education and Culture has provided free of charge textbooks for all pupils of the first and second grade in all primary schools of the Republic of Srpska, which was supported by the Republic of Srpska Government’s providing of BAM 987,000.

Through the Dositej Project, the Ministry of Education and Culture of the Republic of Srpska equipped as many as 125 schools with computers for students and teachers. On that occasion, equipment was provided for 718 e-classrooms, which has facilitated and modernized the teaching process in these schools.



The activity of secondary education includes various types and forms of education which enable acquiring knowledge and skills after the completion of primary school required for work in the field and further education. Depending on the curriculum, a school can be founded and registered as a gymnasium, an arts school, a secondary technical vocational school, a secondary vocational school or a school for students with special needs. Three-year secondary education corresponds to the third degree of qualification, while four-year secondary education corresponds to the fourth degree of qualification. A secondary school can be established as either public or private under equal conditions in compliance with the Law on Secondary Education.

There are 92 secondary schools in the Republic of Srpska - 88 are public (one religious, four music, four centers for the education of children with developmental disabilities) and four are private.



Access to the higher education in the Republic of Srpska is provided to all persons who have completed four-year secondary school in the RS or BiH, as well as to students who have completed secondary school abroad.

The Register of Higher Education Institutions includes 21 higher education institutions providing higher education as follows: nine universities (two public and seven private) and 12 colleges (two public and 10 private).


Total number of organizational units at nine universities is 75, of which:

  • 70 faculties,
  • 4 academies
  • 1 religious faculty/faculty of theology

The organizational units do not have legal personality.